Puppy food. How to choose?

“The best food for dogs, especially puppies”, this selection process can be confusing not only for a beginner but also for an experienced dog breeder, because the range of food for dogs is so wide and varied. Choose the best puppy food for large breeds.  What to choose: dry food for puppies, natural food or wet food … Let’s look at this issue.

When choosing dry food for puppies, we recommend not to rely blindly on advertising, but to learn how to correctly read the composition of the food. There are a few basic principles that apply whether you’re preparing homemade food, feeding it dry food, or feeding it canned food.

What are the basic needs of puppies?

Puppies over 2 months of age require about twice as many calories per day as adult dogs of the same breed. A puppy’s diet requires more protein, fat, calcium and phosphorus. The correct combination of nutrients is very important, because a deficiency or excess of the latter leads to problems in the growth and development of the animal. Commercial dry food simplifies the process, as specially selected formulations are created taking into account the needs of the growing organism at every stage.

Dry dog ​​food rating

Manufacturing standards divide dog food into the following grades (based on the quality of its ingredients):

Economy – in the production of economy class feed, products of low quality are often used, mainly waste from the food industry, by-products, soy. More often, the composition is dominated by vegetable protein. Using cheap food of economy class, it is recommended to additionally introduce vitamin and mineral complexes into the diet for the proper development of the animal’s body.

Premium – higher quality products are used in the production of premium feed. The content of the meat component also increases.

Super-premium – complete balanced feed, consisting of high quality meat, fish, poultry, eggs, cereals, mineral and vitamin supplements. They fully satisfy the needs of a growing body and are an excellent choice in nutrition.

Holisty k – balanced natural dry food for animals. In the production of holistic class feed, ingredients are used that are suitable for human consumption. Holistic dog food is of the highest quality and healthiness. During production, probiotics are used, which improve the functioning of the digestive system. This diet has a beneficial effect on the general condition of the dog.

Is it possible to feed a Yorkie and Alabai puppy with the same food?

Puppy food can be roughly divided into several types:

  • Mini breed puppies (estimated weight of an adult dog up to 10 kg)
  • Medium breed puppies (estimated weight of an adult dog from 10 to 25 kg)
  • Large breed puppies (estimated weight of an adult dog from 25 kg)

Dogs of small breeds quickly reach their biologically “adult” age. Puppies become adults by about 8 months. Body weight after birth increases approximately 20 times. With such a rapid growth, the need for energy, protein, vitamins and minerals remains very high. The ration of feed for small breed puppies is distinguished by high energy indicators, granule size for small mouths and a reinforced complex for “weak” spots (prevention of diseases of the oral cavity, joints, and also internal organs).

Large breed puppies grow more slowly and reach their “adult” age by about 1.5-2 years. At the same time, an increase in body weight, in comparison with a newborn, occurs approximately 70 times. It is very important for large breed puppies to provide “slow growth”. That is, so that the development and growth of bones and joints does not lag behind the growth of muscle mass. Nutrition for large puppies is aimed at harmonious growth and development of the animal, taking into account individual needs.

Puppies of medium-sized dogs have the least specific features. An active lifestyle is the main factor affecting their health. A large percentage of medium-sized dogs are hunting, herding, and service dogs. Dry food for puppies of medium breeds is aimed at harmonious development and support of immunity.

How often should the puppy be fed?

After weaning from breast milk or milk replacer for puppies, the animal should be transferred to dry food. Puppy food should be introduced into the diet gradually, ideally from 3 to 7-8 weeks of age. It is best to do this when the puppy is with the mother – to avoid stress for the small animal. 

After weaning, it is recommended to feed the puppy 3-4 times a day, and the dosage must be observed. You should not neglect the manufacturer’s recommendations on feeding rates, because this can lead to overeating and obesity. Puppies of small breeds are especially susceptible to this, they first of all form adipose tissue, and in dogs of large and giant breeds, a skeleton is formed during this period. Therefore, the feeding rate is very important. It is better to underfeed the animal a little than to overfeed (this applies more to small breed dogs), and for large breeds to ensure a complete and balanced intake of calcium with phosphorus into the body. As soon as the animal gets used to dry food, you need to switch to 2 meals a day.

Be healthy!

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