It rises 345 metres in height and is estimated to have been laid down around 500 million years ago in an inland sea. The country's judicial system is based on English common law and is composed of the High Court as well as lower-level federal, state, and territorial courts. It is the largest country entirely in the southern hemisphere and the largest country without any land borders. The Murray-Darling catchment also contains Australia’s longest continuous river system. A Tour of Hidden Australia 10 questions. Australia covers an area of 7,741,220 sq km. In 1986, The Australia Act furthered the cause. Our most famous rock of course is Uluru in the Northern Territory. About 35 per cent of the continent receives so little rain, it can be classified as desert. It is also the lowest, the flattest and (apart from Antarctica) the driest. The diversity of Australia’s features are significant and for those not familiar with the scale of the country, it is easy to think of it as a relatively small island. It is a little-known fact that the highest point on Australian territory is in the Australian Antarctic Territory. The runner up for Australia’s longest river is the Murrumbidgee River in New South Wales at 1,485 kilometres. It also has the greatest number of reptile species in the world as well as some of the most venomous snakes and other dangerous creatures like the crocodile. Coming up are 50 world geography quiz questions and answers. Other island countries nearby Australia include East Timor, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Indonesia, and … As a result, the population centers continue to be in the coastal areas. Geography, Climate, and Biodiversity Australia is located in Oceania between the Indian and South Pacific Oceans. The main industries in Australia are mining (such as coal and natural gas), industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, and steel manufacturing. It is four times the size of Indonesia and Mexico. Australia is located in Oceania between the Indian and South Pacific Oceans. Australia's Geographic Features The diversity of Australia’s features are significant and for those not familiar with the scale of the country, it is easy to think of it as a relatively small island. Create account to play. Australia is in fact the lowest continent in the world in terms of its elevation. 35 Geography questions and answers for your home pub quiz We may earn commission from links on this page. National Geographic’s latest travel stories about Australia. The Great Dividing Range is a significant geographical feature of Australia. with an average elevation of only 330 metres. In reality, it is a place so large and unique that the outsider view does not begin to describe its physical diversity. Australia is one of the largest countries on Earth, and the only … The name “Oceania” justly establishes the Pacific Ocean as the defining characteristic of the continent. 50,188,934. The highest peak on the Australian mainland is Mount Kosciuszko which is 2228 metres above sea level. Although it is a large country, its topography is not too varied, and most of it consists of low desert plateau. In 1911, Australia's Northern Territory became a part of the Commonwealth (prior control was by South Australia.). The calculations confirmed that Australia’s longest single river is the River Murray at 2,375 kilometres. The total desert area equates to 18 per cent of the total mainland area of Australia. It is slightly smaller than the US mainland. You can use these Australia worksheets in schools or at home and they are colourful and well designed. Located in the Australian Outback, the rock stands more than 2,300 feet tall and can be seen from nearly 100 miles. It is one of the largest countries on Earth. Australia is a member state of the United Nations (UN), World Trade Organization (WTO), and Pacific Islands Forum.The UN is an international organization that was founded in 1945 after WWII by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, promoting social progress, better living standards, and human rights. Australia: geography and landscape. Australia is the smallest continent (and the largest island) in the world, and terrain ranges from baking red desert to lush green rainforest, and from world-renowned surfing beaches to snow-clad mountains. The ABS has recently undertaken a review of the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS). Australia is also surrounded by thousands of smaller islands ranging is size from rocky outcrops to some more than twice the size of the Australian Capital Territory. It shares no land borders with any other country. Most of the interior of the continent is arid to semi-desert because of low rainfall. Australia: Physical Features - Map Quiz Game: To outsiders, Australia consists of a few cities, something called the Outback, and not much else. The coastal areas and islands receive more rain and are much better suited to settlement. Properly called the Commonwealth of Australia, its territory consists of the entire continent and smaller outlying islands. Geography Facts That Will Blow Your Mind. It is separated because of its location in the middle of the Indo-Australian Plate and the fact that, due to its location, there was no mountain building during its development. It includes a number of hills, mountains and plateaux. 117,410. In 1868 the movement of prisoners to Australia ended, but shortly before that, in 1851, gold had been discovered there, which significantly increased its population and helped grow its economy. Due to its isolation from the rest of the world, Australia was an uninhabited island until about 60,000 years ago. Australia has a strong economy due to its extensive natural resources, well-developed industry, and tourism. It is located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans in the Southern hemisphere. It shares its name with the country that claims control over it. The River Murray and its tributary, the Darling River, are the main rivers in the Murray-Darling River Basin. Europeans did not discover Australia until 1770 when Captain James Cook mapped the island's east coast and claimed the land for Great Britain. Statistical Geography allows users to understand, compare and analyse statistical data for informed decision making about all sorts of places from Cities and Suburbs to Regional Areas or Local Government Areas. In its waters, around 89% of Australia's fish species both inland and offshore are restricted only to the country. The outcomes of this review are available in this Information Paper. Geographical and climatic features Australia is the smallest of the world's continents. Why Australia is banning climbers from this iconic natural landmark You can opt-out at any time. Most of Australia and Oceania is under the Pacific, a vast body of water that is larger than all the Earth’s continental landmasses and islands combined. Australia is the only country in the world that covers an entire continent. It borders the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Indian Ocean to the west. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. There’s a fun picture round too, to divide the geography … The Australian mainland is in fact the world’s largest island and is often referred to as an island continent. The lengths of the 10 longest rivers in Australia were re-calculated in September 2008 by Geoscience Australia using data from the National Topographic Database. The southeast, however, does have fertile plains. Copyright © 2020Australias Guide Pty Ltd. Australia, the smallest continent and one of the largest countries on Earth, lying between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Southern Hemisphere. Although it is a large country, its topography is not too varied, and most of it consists of low desert plateau. Australia Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Play. The first sight of Sydney, whether from the sea or the air, is always spectacular. It is the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. Most of Australia and Oceania is under the Pacific, a vast body of water that is larger than all the Earth’s continental landmasses and islands combined. This drainage basin comprises the major part of the interior lowlands of Australia, covering more than one million square kilometres, or about 14 per cent of Australia. ancient and it has some of the oldest geological features in the world. It is made up of more than 3,000 individual reef systems and coral bays and supports more than 1,500 species of fish, 400 species of hard coral, "one-third of the world’s soft corals, 134 species of sharks and rays, six of the world’s seven species of threatened marine turtles, and more than 30 species of marine mammals," including endangered species, according to the World Wildlife Fund. The Largest Rock on the Planet is in Australia. Australia also has a number of large islands in the Pacific, Indian and Southern Oceans and the Coral and Timor Seas as part of its External Territories as well as several closer to the mainland which are larger than 1000 square kilometres.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'australias_guide-medrectangle-3','ezslot_2',143,'0','0'])); Despite the popular references to Australia at the bottom of the world in the Southern Hemisphere. The legislative branch is a bicameral Federal Parliament consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Australia is comparable in size to the continental United States. From north to south the country is 3,200 kilometers long, with a tropical climate in the north and a temperate climate in the south. No Ayers Rock or … It is also known as the Eastern Highlands. Find out just how much you know with this geography quiz. Test your knowledge of the "land down under" with this Australian geography quiz. 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