Barclay, Adam and Shrestha, Samjhana (April–June 2006), Department of Statistics, Ministry of Planning and Investment, 2009. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Lao Laos 1988 500 Kip UNC Uncirculated Communist Banknote Currency Money at the best online prices at eBay! [119] Rice dominates agriculture, with about 80% of the arable land area used for growing rice. In his acceptance speech, the president said he would strive for "peaceful international policies, unity, friendship and cooperation". In many rural areas electricity is at least partly available. Laos proved to be a major battleground against communism during … But his main rival Bobi Wine claims vote-rigging and vows to produce evidence. [14][15] Laos has been referred to as one of Southeast Asia and Pacific's fastest growing economies by the World Bank with annual GDP growth averaging 7.7% since 2009. [121] Laos may have the greatest number of rice varieties in the Greater Mekong Subregion. The major roads connecting the major urban centres, in particular Route 13, have been significantly upgraded in recent years, but villages far from major roads can be reached only through unpaved roads that may not be accessible year-round. [68], In 1989, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), with the support of the U.S. government, instituted the Comprehensive Plan of Action, a programme to stem the tide of Indochinese refugees from Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia. [105] A number of citizens, primarily women and girls from all ethnic groups and foreigners, have been victims of sex trafficking in Laos. In 1988 though, the country began allowing some forms of private … Laos is usually considered a single-party socialist republic, which is a fancy way of saying "communist" in … L'histoire du Laos remonte jusqu'avant l'ère chrétienne, comme le démontrent les énigmatiques vestiges de la plaine des Jarres.Vers le V e siècle apr. Laos has no railways, except a short link to connect Vientiane with Thailand over the Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge. Thongloun, 75, was elected to a five-year term as head of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party Central Committee – the top post in the country. An eleven-member Politburo and a 61-member Central Committee make all laws and policies for the country. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}18°N 105°E / 18°N 105°E / 18; 105, Laos (/ˈlɑːoʊs/ (listen),[8] /laʊs, ˈlɑːɒs, ˈleɪɒs/;[9][10] Lao: ລາວ, Lāo [láːw]), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao lau; French: République démocratique populaire lao), is a socialist state and the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia. But although the Communist Party of Vietnam still publicly touts its adherence to Marxist-Leninist philosophy, Vietnamese communism has been adopting an increasingly capitalist guise ever since its readmission of private enterprise during the early 1980s. Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos were the last countries to fall to the "Reds". Bomb Tonnages Dropped on Laos and Cambodia, and Weighing Their Implications", "Fifty years of violent war deaths from Vietnam to Bosnia: analysis of data from the world health survey programme", Politics in Contemporary Southeast Asia: Authority, Democracy and Political Change, Renovation in vietnam since 1988 a study in political, economic and social change, "Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity - Supplementary Material", "Mekong Divides Different Worlds In 'Golden Triangle, "Opium Poppy Cultivation in South East Asia", "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Laos – The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency", "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Laos — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency", "Laos Deputy PM Douangchay Phichit dies in plane crash", "Laos plane crash kills defence minister and senior officials", "Lao Defense Chief Among Plane Crash Victims", "Hmong Leader's Vanishing In Laos Reverberates in U.S.", Reports on results of investigations of allegations concerning the welfare of Hmong refugees and asylum seekers in Thailand and Laos, "Refugee Admissions Program for East Asia", "History of the Hmong Resettlement Task Force", Rreport on the situation in the Xaysomboun Special Zone and 1100 Hmong-Lao refugees who escaped to Petchabun, Thailand during 2004–2005, Thailand: EU Presidency Declaration on the situation of Hmong refugees, "Hmong refugees facing removal from Thailand", Deportation of Hmong Lao refugees stopped in last minute, Hmong: UNHCR Protests Refugee Deportation, "Somsanga's Secrets | Arbitrary Detention, Physical Abuse, and Suicide inside a Lao Drug Detention Center", "In charts: How the Philippines fares in Southeast Asia", "Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review: Eighth session of the UPR Working Group of the Human Rights Council", "Human Rights Watch Concerns on Laos Submitted in advance of the EU-Laos Human Rights Dialogue October 2015", "Human Rights Abuses in Laos Must be Tackled Now", "Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2016", "Free former student leaders arbitrarily detained for 17 years", "Amnesty International Report 2016/17: Laos", "Laos, Vietnam troops kill Hmong Christians", "Laos, Vietnam troops kill four Hmong Christians: NGO", "Two teenagers rescued from forced prostitution in Laos", "Chinese marriage proposals become prostitution nightmares for some Lao girls", http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-7857.html, "OEC – Laos (LAO) Exports, Imports, and Trade Partners", "Q+A – What is the East Asia Summit all about? 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